文章摘要
梁成强,贾铭椿,王晓伟.硫化锡钾的制备及其对Co2 选择性吸附[J].精细化工,2019,36(8):
硫化锡钾的制备及其对Co2 选择性吸附
Preparation of Potassium Tin Sulfide and Its Selective Adsorption Properties for Co2
投稿时间:2018-12-27  修订日期:2019-03-13
DOI:
中文关键词: 硫化锡钾  吸附    动力学  水处理技术与环境保护
英文关键词: potassium tin sulfide  adsorption  cobalt  kinetics  water treatment technology and environmental protection
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)
作者单位E-mail
梁成强 海军工程大学 646148897@qq.com 
贾铭椿 海军工程大学  
王晓伟 海军工程大学 646148897@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      以碳酸钾,锡粉,硫粉为原料,用水热法合成了硫化锡钾(KSnS),利用扫描电镜(SEM),X射线衍射仪(XRD),光电子谱仪(XPS)等对KSnS的形貌和组成进行了表征分析。并通过静态吸附实验分别研究了接触时间,pH值,共存离子和钴初始浓度对KSnS吸附Co2 效果的影响。结果表明KSnS对钴的吸附平衡时间约为25min,饱和吸附容量为149mg/g。当钴初始浓度为5mg/L,V/m=2500mL/g时,KSnS对Co2 的分配系数可达到6.5?105mL/g,去除率为99.84%。当溶液为中性时,KSnS的吸附性能最佳。KSnS对Co2 有较高的选择性,高浓度的共存离子(K ,Na ,Ca2 ,Mg2 )对Co2 的去除率影响不大。KSnS对Co2 的吸附动力学行为可用准二级动力学方程描述,吸附过程属于化学吸附。通过Weber-Morris模型和Boyd模型分析可知,液膜扩散过程是主导吸附速率的步骤。
英文摘要:
      The potassium tin sulfied (KSnS) was prepared by hydrothermal method using potassium carbonate, tin powder and sulfur powder as raw materials. The morphology and structure of KSnS were performed by SEM, XPS and XRD. The effects of contact time, pH, coexisting ions, initial cobalt concentration on the adsorption of Co2 by KSnS were investigated via batch experiments. The results show that cobalt sorption of KSnS can reach equilibrium time after about 25 min, and the saturated adsorption capacities is 149 mg/g. When initial concentration of cobalt is 5mg/L and V/m=2500mL/g, the distribution coefficient of KSnS to Co2 can reach 6.3?105mL/g and the removal rate is 99.84%. When the solution is neutral, KSnS has the best adsorption performance. KSnS has high selectivity to Co2 , and high concentration of coexisting ions (K , Na , Ca2 , Mg2 ) has little effect on the removal rate of Co2 . The sorption kinetics of KSnS for Co2 can be described by pseudo-second-order kinetic equations, and the adsorption process is mainly chemical adsorption. According to Weber-Morris model and Boyd model, the liquid film diffusion process dominates the adsorption rate.
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