文章摘要
刘远峰,张秀玲,李从举.微生物燃料电池阳极产电微生物研究进展[J].精细化工,2020,37(9):0
微生物燃料电池阳极产电微生物研究进展
Research progress in electrogenic microorganisms for microbial fuel cells
投稿时间:2020-01-02  修订日期:2020-04-27
DOI:
中文关键词: 微生物燃料电池,产电微生物,电子传递机制,氧化代谢,筛选
英文关键词: Microbial fuel cell, Electrogenic microorganisms, Electron transfer mechanism, Oxidative metabolism, Screening
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)
作者单位E-mail
刘远峰 北京科技大学 liuyuanfeng1113@126.com 
张秀玲 北京科技大学  
李从举 北京科技大学 congjuli@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      微生物燃料电池(Microbial fuel cells,简称 MFCs)是一种生物电化学混合系统,利用微生物的氧化代谢作用将有机物或者无机物中的能量转化为电能,具有节能、减少污泥生成及能量转换的突出优势,目前得到研究者们的广泛关注。其中产电微生物是MFCs系统的核心组成部分,筛选及培养高效产电微生物对促进MFCs的产电性能具有重要作用。通过对产电微生物电子传递机制、产电微生物种类以及影响微生物产电的因素进行分析总结,综述了阳极产电微生物的最新研究进展,最后从微生物角度展望了未来的研究方向,以期为产电微生物在MFCs中的应用提供指导和支持。
英文摘要:
      Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are a type of biological electrochemical hybrid system that utilizes the oxidative metabolism of microorganisms to convert the energy from organic or inorganic compounds into electricity. MFCs with saving energy, reducing sludge generation and energy conversion has been widely concerned by researchers. Electrogenic microorganisms are the central of MFCs system because of screening and cultivation of high-efficiency electrogenic microorganisms playing an important role in promoting the electricity-producing performance of MFCs. Therefore, the electronic transfer mechanism, types of electrogenic microorganisms as well as the factors affecting the electric-producing microorganisms are summarized, and the latest research progress of the anode electrogenic microorganisms is reviewed. Additionally, the future research is prospected from the perspective of microorganisms to provide guidance for the application of electrogenic microorganisms in MFCs.
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