文章摘要
耐温表面活性剂在油藏开发中的研究进展
Progress on the Application of Surfactants for High Temperature Reservoirs
投稿时间:2017-07-30  修订日期:2018-02-07
DOI:
中文关键词: 高温  表面活性剂  表面张力  稳定性  阴-非离子型  两性型  双子型  氟碳型
英文关键词: high temperature  surfactant  interfacial tension  stability  Anionic-Nonionic  Amphoteric  Gemini  Fluorocarbon
基金项目:辽宁省博士启动基金项目:清洁膨润土纳米复合体的制备及在钻井液中的应用研究(批准号:201702255);广西高校北部湾石油天然气资源有效利用重点实验室开放课题基金资助:氨基磺酸型双子表面活性剂/聚合物复合驱油剂研制(批准号:2016KLOG03)。
作者单位E-mail
潘一 辽宁石油化工大学 panhongxiang@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      表面活性剂驱是三次采油中稳产增产的重要手段,随着高温油藏研究开发的不断深入,耐高温表面活性剂具有更加重要的研究价值。该文根据深层油藏温度高的特点和我国油藏开发现状,在研究国内外文献资料的基础上,将具有耐高温性能的表面活性剂按阴-非离子型(Anionic-Nonionic)、两性型(Amphoteric)、双子型(Gemini)和氟碳型(Fluorocarbon)分类。通过对四类表面活性剂的比较,讨论了基团、分子结构等因素对表面活性剂耐温性的影响,指出研究可生物降解表面活性剂是耐温表面活性剂继续发展的重要方向,同时对双子表面活性剂的合成及氟碳表面活性剂的应用提出了建议。
英文摘要:
      Surfactant flooding used in tertiary oil recovery is a kind of crucial method for stable oil production and increasing oil production. Along with the continuing research and exploitation of high-temperature reservoir, it becomes more important and deserved to do research on high-temperature resistant surfactants. According to the characteristics of high-temperature reservoir and its development status in China, high-temperature resistant surfactants was divided into anionic-nonionic surfactants, amphoteric surfactants, Gemini surfactants and fluorocarbon surfactants four types. What’s more, surfactants reviewed in this paper were also compared and it was found that some factors such as group and molecular structure can influence surfactant on its ability of temperature resistance. It was also pointed out that one of the most important direction of surfactant development is to do research on high-temperature resistant surfactant with the ability of biodegradation. At the same time, some suggestions about the synthesize of Gemini surfactant and the application of fluorocarbon surfactant were put off.
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