文章摘要
好氧氨氧化生物膜内氧传质特性及影响因素
Mass transfer performance and influence factors on dissolved oxygen inside of ammonium oxidizing biofilm
投稿时间:2019-02-12  修订日期:2019-05-08
DOI:
中文关键词: 好氧氨氧化  生物膜  一维模型  序批式流化床反应器
英文关键词: AOB  biofilm  one-dimensional modeling  SBR
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)
作者单位E-mail
韩越梅 大连大学 hanyuemei@dlu.edu.cn 
刘志军 大连理工大学  
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中文摘要:
      采用数值计算和实验测试相结合的方法对流化床反应器中好氧氨氧化生物膜内溶解氧传质特性及影响因素进行了分析。建立了综合考虑反应-扩散-对流作用的一维模型,计算结果表明:溶解氧所能到达的生物膜厚度约受渗流速度的扩散系数的影响;增大渗流速度、扩散系数和进水浓度可以提高膜内溶解氧浓度的最大值。建立了序批式流化床生物膜反应器,获得了高于80%的氨氮转化率,实现了好氧氨氧化生物膜的成功挂膜,获得生物膜厚度为01.~0.3 mm,采用微电极测试了膜内溶解氧浓度。实验测试和模型计算结果均表明溶氧浓度沿生物膜厚度方向的变化均呈现抛物线形的不均匀下降趋势,且当扩散系数为2.2?10-4 m2/s和渗流速度为6.0 mm/s时,测试结果和计算数值具有较好的吻合度。
英文摘要:
      The mass transfer performance and influence factors on dissolved oxygen inside of ammonium oxidizing bacteria biofilm in fluid-bed bioreactor were analyzed based on the theatrical modelling and experiments. One-dimensional modeling approach for this study based on classic model of reac-tion-diffusion-convection mixing was developed and solved. It is released that the seepage velocity and diffusivity have a great effect on the max depth DO can get to; the higher the seepage velocity and diffu-sivity and feeding matrix concentration are, the deeper in biofilm dissolved oxygen can reach and the higher DO concentration is inside of the biofilm. A sequencing batch biofilm reactor (SBR) was set up to culture aerobatic biofilm enriched by ammonia oxidation bacteria (AOB) on K1 carrier. Organic was add-ed to accelerate the biofilm culture process in the startup phase. More than 80% of ammonia in the in-fluent was converted to nitrite and the biofilm with a thickness of 0.1-0.3 mm was achieved. Oxygen concentration along the direction of the biofilm depth was tested by PA2000 oxygen microelectrode. The results from both theatrical modelling and experiments showed the same DO gradient rules in the biofilm and experimental results agreed well with the model.
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