文章摘要
不同方法提取油茶籽油品质比较及电子鼻分析
Comparison of quality and electronic nose analysis of Camellia oleif-era Abel seed oil extracted by different methods
投稿时间:2019-05-14  修订日期:2019-08-25
DOI:
中文关键词: 油茶籽油  理化性质  电子鼻  脂肪酸组成  食品与饲料用化学品
英文关键词: camellia oleifera Abel seed oil  physicochemical property  electronic nose  fatty acid composi- tion  food and feedstuff chemicals
基金项目:江苏省自然科学基金青年科学基金 南京林业大学青年科技创新基金 江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目
作者单位E-mail
丛凯平 南京林业大学 1121650769@qq.com 
李婷婷 南京林业大学 litingting@njfu.edu.cn 
吴彩娥 江苏省南京市玄武区龙蟠路159号 南京林业大学轻工与食品学院  
范龚健 江苏省南京市玄武区龙蟠路159号 南京林业大学轻工与食品学院  
索安迪 江苏省南京市玄武区龙蟠路159号 南京林业大学轻工与食品学院  
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中文摘要:
      采用气相色谱-质谱、化学法对浸出法、冷榨法和超临界流体CO2提取法所制油茶籽油的主要感官和理化指标进行了测定,并利用电子鼻技术对不同提取方法所制油茶籽油进行了鉴别。结果表明,3种提取方法所制油茶籽油在多项理化指标方面存在显著性差异。其中,超临界法所制油茶籽油的酸价、碘值与过氧化值均小于其他两种茶油,且其过氧化值与其他两种茶油相比具有显著性差异;3种茶油的中性色泽指标均具有显著性差异。其中,以冷榨法最低,浸出法最高;在脂肪酸组成和出油率方面,超临界法所制的油茶籽油不饱和脂肪酸含量最高,浸出法出油率最高;而皂化值的结果表明,3种提取方法差异不显著。电子鼻技术的主成分分析和判别因子分析结果表明,累计方差贡献率分别为99.62%和100.00%,鉴别指数都为88,电子鼻技术能够对不同提取方法所制得的油茶籽油进行准确鉴别。
英文摘要:
      Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and chemical methods were used to determine the physical and chemical indicators and main sense of Camellia oleifera Abel seed oil extracted by different methods. The Camellia oleifera Abel seed oil extracted by three methods was analyzed and distinguished through using electronic nose technology. The results showed that there were significant differences in many phys-ical and chemical indicators of Camellia oleifera Abel seed oil extracted by different methods. The acid value, iodine value and peroxide value of the Camellia oleifera Abel seed oil extracted by the supercritical method were lower than two other Camellia oleifera Abel seed oil, and the peroxide value was signifi-cantly different from two other Camellia oleifera Abel seed oil; The neutral color indicators of three Ca-mellia oleifera Abel seed oil had significant differences. The Camellia oleifera Abel seed oil extracted by the cold pressing method was the lowest and the Camellia oleifera Abel seed oil extracted by the leaching method was the highest. The Camellia oleifera Abel seed oil extracted by the leaching method was lowest and the Camellia oleifera Abel seed oil extracted by the cold pressing method was the highest. The fatty acid composition and the production rate of the three Camellia oleifera Abel seed oil also differed, and fatty acid composition of the Camellia oleifera Abel seed oil extracted by Supercritical CO2 method was the highest, but the production rate of the leaching method was the highest. The results of the saponifica-tion values indicated that the differences were not significant. The principle component analysis of the Camellia oleifera Abel seed oil analyzed and distinguished by electronic nose technology showed that the main component cumulative variance contribution rate was 99.62%. The results of discriminant factor analysis showed that the cumulative contribution of the principal component was 100.00%, and the dis-criminant index was 88. The electronic nose technology can accurately identify Camellia oleifera Abel seed oil extracted by different processing methods.
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