文章摘要
余雨,范海涛,王洪臣,齐鲁,王明玥,莫惠珺.滤布材质及微观结构与透水性能的关系[J].精细化工,2019,36(6):
滤布材质及微观结构与透水性能的关系
Relationship between material and microstructure of filter cloth and water permeability
投稿时间:2018-12-10  修订日期:2019-02-21
DOI:
中文关键词: 机织滤布;过水通量;过滤;界面张力;模型  水处理技术与环境保护
英文关键词: woven filter cloth  water flux  filtration  interfacial tension  model  water treatment technology and environmental protection
基金项目:水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项
作者单位E-mail
余雨 中国人民大学 rainieyu@ruc.edu.cn 
范海涛 尚川(北京)水务有限公司  
王洪臣 中国人民大学 whc@ruc.edu.cn 
齐鲁 中国人民大学  
王明玥 中国人民大学  
莫惠珺 中国人民大学  
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中文摘要:
      机织滤布的透水性能会直接影响过滤设备的生产效率。为理清滤布材质、微观结构与过水通量之间的相互关系,定制一批控制变量的滤布用于实验。对不同材质的滤布进行了FTIR,动、静态接触角和表面能测定,从机理分析了材质影响过水通量的关键性指标。对滤布微观结构进行了SEM表征,并分析了编织方式、厚度、孔径对过水通量的影响,建立了滤布微观结构与过水通量的半经验模型。结果表明:材质亲水性大小顺序为聚丙烯>聚碳酸酯>聚酰胺,对应的过水通量分别为6.34、5.75、5.46 m/min,亲水性强的材质具有更大的过水通量;微观结构中,过水通量大小顺序为缎纹滤布>斜纹滤布>平纹滤布,孔径、厚度分别与过水通量呈正、负相关关系,拟合的微观结构与过水通量的半经验模型可以为机织滤布的选型提供理论参考。
英文摘要:
      The water permeability of the woven filter cloth directly affects the production efficiency of the filter equipment. In order to clarify the relationship between the material, microstructure and the water flux of the filter cloth, a dozen of woven filter cloth with control variables were customized for the research. FTIR, dynamic and static contact angles and surface energy measurements were measured on filter cloths of different materials, and the key indicators affecting the water flux were analyzed from the perspective of mechanism. The microstructure of the filter cloth was characterized by SEM, and the influence of weaving method, thickness and pore size on the water flux was analyzed, and a semi-empirical model between the microstructure of the filter cloth and the water flux was established. Results show that the hydrophilicity of the material is polypropylene>polycarbonate>polyamide, the corresponding water flux is 6.34, 5.75, 5.46 m/min, respectively. And hydrophilic materials have a larger water flux. The water flux under different weaving methods is the satin filter cloth>twill filter cloth>plain filter cloth, the factor of pore diameter and thickness are positively and negatively correlated with the through-water flux, respectively. The semi-empirical model between the fitted microstructure and the water flux can provide a theoretical reference for the selection of the woven filter cloth.
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