文章摘要
武玉和,郑果林,刘帅,苏青春,张丹.利用均匀设计法制备撕剥型干洗剂及性能分析[J].精细化工,2019,36(10):
利用均匀设计法制备撕剥型干洗剂及性能分析
Preparation of Peel-off Type Dry Cleaning Agent by Uniform Design Method and Its Performance Analysis
投稿时间:2019-04-19  修订日期:2019-05-13
DOI:
中文关键词: 干洗剂  撕剥型  均匀设计  聚乙烯醇  D-柠檬烯
英文关键词: dry cleaning agent  peel-off type  uniform design  polyvinyl alcohol  D-limonene
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(No.31600478);江苏省自然科学基金(BK20140145);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(重点项目 JUSRP51718A);江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目(苏政办发[2014]37)
作者单位E-mail
武玉和 江南大学 2320002091@qq.com 
郑果林 江南大学  
刘帅 江南大学  
苏青春 江南大学  
张丹 江南大学 zhangdan@jiangnan.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      为开发环保无毒和无粉尘的便携干洗剂,选用聚乙烯醇(PVA)、水、乙醇、D-柠檬烯、硅胶和羧甲基纤维素(CMC)采用控制变量法初步制备了撕剥型干洗剂。以PVA、CMC、硅胶和D-柠檬烯的质量分数为自变量因素,以去污效率为表征指标,取四因素七水平设计均匀试验。再以SPSS软件对结果进行回归分析得到数学模型,以MATLAB软件对模型进行计算,得到优化配比(质量分数):PVA 2488为4.5%、CMC为1.5%、800目硅胶为7.5%、D-柠檬烯为11%,该配方去污效率可达97.08%。通过FTIR和SEM对干洗剂所得薄膜及织物进行结构表征和去污原理分析,并对织物的物理性能进行测试。结果表明:干洗剂对粉尘微粒与油渍的去污效果很好,织物上残留很少,织物仍保留着较好的服用性能。
英文摘要:
      Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), water, ethanol, D-limonene, silica gel and carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) were employed to prepare the peel-off type dry cleaning agents in order to develop environmentally friendly, non-toxic, dust-free and portable dry cleaning agents. The mass fractions of PVA, CMC, silica gel and D-limonene were set as the independent variables, and the decontamination efficiency was set as the dependent variable. The four-factor and seven-level uniform design test was adopted. The results were analyzed by SPSS software and the mathematical model was obtained. The model was calculated by MATLAB software, and the optimized ratios (mass fractions) were: 4.5% for PVA 2488, 1.5% for CMC, 7.5% for 800 mesh silica gel and 11% for D-limonene. The decontamination efficiency of the prescription reached 97.08%. FTIR and SEM were employd to characterize the structure of the fabric and the membrane obtained by dry cleaning agent and analyze the decontamination principle. The physical properties of fabric were tested. The results showed that the dry cleaning agent had good decontamination effects on dust particles and oil stains, and there was little residue on the fabric, and the fabric still retained good clothing performance.
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