文章摘要
刘文康,周圆,杨亚兰,贺红武,彭浩.磷杂菲类衍生物的合成及其阻燃应用[J].精细化工,2020,37(3):
磷杂菲类衍生物的合成及其阻燃应用
Synthesis and Flame Retardant Application of Phosphaphenanthrene Derivatives
投稿时间:2019-08-02  修订日期:2019-09-16
DOI:
中文关键词: 磷杂菲  阻燃剂  热塑性树脂  热固性树脂  阻燃应用
英文关键词: phosphaphenanthrene  flame retardant  thermoplastic resin  thermosetting resin  flame retardant application
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
刘文康 华中师范大学化学学院 lwk1210312847@mails.ccnu.edu.cn 
周圆 华中师范大学化学学院  
杨亚兰 华中师范大学化学学院  
贺红武 华中师范大学化学学院  
彭浩 华中师范大学化学学院 penghao@mail.ccnu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      磷杂菲(DOPO)类衍生物是一类典型的无卤有机磷阻燃剂,在气相和凝聚相中均能显示优异的阻燃效果,可以提高高分子材料的阻燃性能,是目前研究的热点之一。本文介绍了磷杂菲类阻燃剂的特点、阻燃机理、合成方法以及近十年来在热塑性树脂(聚酰胺、聚碳酸酯、聚氨酯、ABS树脂和聚乳酸)和热固性树脂(环氧树脂和不饱和聚酯树脂)中的应用进展。最后指出阻燃剂未来发展的趋势有以下几点:设计高阻燃性能的分子;建立高效的合成方法;具有优异的机械性能。
英文摘要:
      Phosphaphenanthrene (DOPO) derivatives were a kind of typical halogen-free organophosphorus flame retardants, which were also one of the research hotspots, exhibiting excellent flame retardant effect in both gaseous-phase and condensed-phase and improving the flame retardant performance of polymer materials. The characteristics, flame retardant mechanism, synthetic and application of phos-phaphe-nanthrene derivatives were described in thermoplastic resins (polyamide, polycarbonate, polyure-thane, ABS resin and polylactic acid) and thermosetting resins (epoxy resins and unsaturated polyester resin) in the past decade. Finally, the development trends of flame retardants were pointed out as follows: design of the molecules with high flame retardant performance; establish efficient synthesis method; pos-sess excellent mechanical properties.
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