提升皮革染色性能的研究进展
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作者单位:

1.陕西科技大学 陕西省轻化工助剂化学与技术协同创新中心;2.陕西科技大学 轻工科学与工程学院;3.陕西科技大学 材料科学与工程学院

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中图分类号:

TS193.5

基金项目:

国家自然科学基金项目(52073164,21908141,21838007)


Research progress on improving dyeing properties of leather
Author:
Affiliation:

1.Shaanxi Provincial Collaborative Innovation Center of Auxiliaries Chemistry and Technology,Shaanxi University of Science and Technology,Xi &2.amp;3.#39;4.&5.an;6.College of Bioresources Chemical and Materials Engineering,Shaanxi University of Science and Technology,Xi '7.'8.College of Bioresources Chemical and Materials Engineering,Shaanxi University of Science and Technology,Xi &9.College of Materials Science,Engineering,Shaanxi University of Science and Technology,Xi’an

Fund Project:

The National Natural Science Foundation of China(52073164,21908141,21838007)

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    摘要:

    皮革及其制品的色彩反映了人的审美诉求,往往是人们选择皮鞋、皮衣、箱包等皮革制品的首要评价特征。因此,皮革染色是制革过程中最重要的工序之一。针对传统染色方法所暴露出的染色不均匀、皮革耐摩擦牢度及耐洗色牢度差等问题,本文主要介绍了提高皮革染色性能的方法与清洁的皮革染色技术。首先简要概述了常用的皮革染料,皮革染色原理,然后阐述了染色前处理、添加染色助剂两种提高皮革染色性能的方法,同时介绍了超声波技术、微波技术、超临界CO2技术、微胶囊技术、纳米技术、电化学技术、等离子体技术在皮革染色中的应用,最后对皮革染色的发展趋势进行了展望。

    Abstract:

    The color of leather and leather products reflects people"s aesthetic appeal, and is usually the primary evaluation feature in purchasing leather products such as shoes, leather clothes, bags and so on. Therefore, leather dyeing is one of the most important processes in the leather making process. In view of the uneven dying, low rubbing fastness and washing fastness exposed in the traditional dyeing, this article mainly introduced the methods to improve leather dyeing performance and clean leather dyeing technology. Firstly, common leather dyes and the principles of leather dyeing are briefly overviewed. Then two methods to improve the dyeing performance of leather, namely dyeing pretreatment and dyeing auxiliaries are discussed. The applications of ultrasonic technology, microwave technology, supercritical CO2 technology, microcapsule technology, nano technology, electrochemical technology, plasma technology in leather dyeing are introduced. Finally, the development trend of leather dyeing is prospected.

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张文博,张惠,马建中,田振华,卫林峰,潘朝莹.提升皮革染色性能的研究进展[J].精细化工,2023,40(3):

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  • 收稿日期:2022-05-23
  • 最后修改日期:2022-09-10
  • 录用日期:2022-09-15
  • 在线发布日期: 2023-08-14
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