文章摘要
刘延松,王阳,郭寻,任元林.阻燃纤维素纺织品的研究进展[J].精细化工,2020,37(11):0
阻燃纤维素纺织品的研究进展
Research development of flame retardant cellulose fibers and fabric
投稿时间:2020-04-09  修订日期:2020-05-21
DOI:
中文关键词: 纤维素  纺织品  阻燃整理  生物质  改性
英文关键词: cellulose  textiles  flame retardant finishing  biomass  modification
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)
作者单位E-mail
刘延松 天津工业大学 1092437929@qq.com 
王阳 天津工业大学  
郭寻 天津工业大学  
任元林 天津工业大学 yuanlinr@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      纤维素类纺织品具有易燃性,其应用增加了火灾发生的可能性,从而对人们的生命安全造成严重威胁。对纤维素类纺织品进行阻燃改性是提高其阻燃性能的有效措施。该文综述了纤维素类纺织品不同的阻燃改性方法,分析浸渍及涂层整理法、接枝改性法和共混改性等对纤维素类纺织品阻燃改性的研究现状,同时总结了限制阻燃纤维素类纺织品开发及应用的影响因素,如制备过程中阻燃体系不稳定,产品的阻燃耐久性较差及机械性能损伤等。最后对阻燃纤维素类纺织品的发展方向进行了展望,指出合理利用生物质原材料,设计智能化、多功能化、具有阻燃耐久性的纺织品是阻燃纤维素类纺织品未来的发展方向。
英文摘要:
      Cellulose textiles are flammable, and their application increases the possibility of fires, which poses a serious threat to people's lives. Flame retardant modification of cellulose textiles is an effective measure to improve its flame retardant performance. This article reviewed the different modification methods of cellulose textiles, and analyzed the research status of the flame retardant modification of cellulose textiles such as impregnation and coating finishing methods, graft modification and blending modification methods. At the same time, the factors restricting the development and application of flame retardant cellulose textiles were summarized, such as unstable system during preparation, poor flame retardant durability of products and the damage to mechanical properties. Finally, the development direction of flame retardant cellulose textiles was prospected. It was pointed out that the rational use of biomass raw materials, designing intelligent, multifunctional and flame retardant durable textiles is the future development direction of cellulose textiles.
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