文章摘要
熊柏闻,吴红丹,周志辉.用于渗透汽化的有机—无机杂化膜研究进展[J].精细化工,2021,38(2):
用于渗透汽化的有机—无机杂化膜研究进展
Research progress of organic-inorganic hybrid membranes for pervaporation
投稿时间:2020-06-22  修订日期:2020-10-21
DOI:
中文关键词: 有机—无机杂化膜  膜材料  分离技术  渗透汽化  有机溶剂脱水
英文关键词: organic-inorganic membranes  membranes materials  separation techniques  pervaporation  dehydration of organic solvent
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
熊柏闻 武汉科技大学资源与环境工程学院 952913993@qq.com 
吴红丹 武汉科技大学资源与环境工程学院  
周志辉 武汉科技大学资源与环境工程学院  
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中文摘要:
      近年来,有机-无机杂化膜的研究受到学术界广泛关注,随着有机-无机杂化膜制备方法的多样化和分离性能的提高,其研究前景也越来越广阔。该文首先分析了有机-无机杂化膜相比于普通无机膜和有机膜在结构和性能上存在的优势,其次综述了有机-无机杂化膜的制备方法以及其在醇类、有机酸等有机溶剂或有机混合物中的分离提纯应用,重点讨论了其在渗透汽化中的应用。最后,对有机-无机杂化膜的研究前景进行展望。未来有机-无机杂化膜的研究应借助于新的计算工具,侧重于材料的选择或制备方法的改进,如探索具有多功能化学基团和具有明确层次结构的多孔填料的聚合物材料等,使有机-无机杂化膜具有更加广阔的应用前景。
英文摘要:
      In recent years, the research of organic-inorganic hybrid membranes has received extensive attention from the academic community. With the diversification of organic-inorganic hybrid membrane preparation methods and the improvement of separation performance, its research prospects are becoming more and more broad. Firstly, this article analyzes the advantages of organic-inorganic hybrid membranes compared to ordinary inorganic membranes and organic membranes in terms of structure and performance. Secondly, it summarizes the preparation methods of organic-inorganic hybrid membranes and their use in alcohols, organic acids, etc. For separation and purification applications in organic solvents or organic mixtures, the focus will be on its application in pervaporation. Finally, the research prospects of organic-inorganic hybrid membranes are prospected. Future research on organic-inorganic hybrid membranes should rely on new computational tools, focusing on material selection or improvement of preparation methods, such as exploring polymer materials with multifunctional chemical groups and porous fillers with clear hierarchical structures. The organic-inorganic hybrid membrane has a broader application prospect.
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