文章摘要
雷增江,杨斌,杨金辉,谢水波,王劲松,李聪.铝污泥基复合凝胶球对Cr(VI)的吸附性能与机理[J].精细化工,2021,38(7):0
铝污泥基复合凝胶球对Cr(VI)的吸附性能与机理
Adsorption performance and mechanism of Cr(VI) by Aluminum Sludge composite gel ball
投稿时间:2020-09-18  修订日期:2020-11-15
DOI:
中文关键词: 铝污泥  凝胶球  吸附  Cr(VI)  回收  解吸  水处理技术
英文关键词: aluminum sludge  gel spheres  adsorption  Cr(VI)  recovery  desorption  water treatment technology
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目,湖南省研究生科研创新项目资助
作者单位E-mail
雷增江 南华大学土木工程学院 530566791@qq.com 
杨斌 南华大学土木工程学院  
杨金辉 南华大学土木工程学院 842893915@qq,com 
谢水波 南华大学土木工程学院  
王劲松 南华大学土木工程学院  
李聪 南华大学土木工程学院  
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中文摘要:
      以铝污泥、聚乙烯醇、海藻酸钠为原料,采用溶胶-凝胶、冷冻干燥技术制备铝污泥基复合凝胶球 (AS-GEL),吸附溶液中Cr(VI)。通过静态吸附实验探究pH、AS-GEL投加量、初始质量浓度、温度、吸附时间、共存阴离子浓度对AS-GEL吸附Cr(VI)的影响。采用 SEM、FT-IR、XPS等技术对AS-GEL吸附Cr(VI) 的机理进行分析。结果表明:在pH=4、AS-GEL投加量为1.2 g/L、Cr(VI)初始浓度200 mg/L、温度为35℃、吸附时间为120 min、无其他阴离子共存的条件下,AS-GEL对Cr(VI)的最大吸附量为73.364 mg/g。共存阴离子影响顺序为PO43- >NO3->Cl-。吸附过程符合Langmuir等温吸附模型和准一级、二级动力学方程。其主要吸附机理包括质子化基团对Cr(VI)的静电吸附及还原作用。通过5次吸附-解吸实验,其吸附量保持初次吸附量的89.71%。同时,AS-GEL具有成本低、固液易分离的特性,有望应用在工程上。
英文摘要:
      The aluminum sludge composite gel spheres adsorbent (AS-GEL) was prepared by using aluminum sludge, polyvinyl alcohol, sodium alginate as raw materials and sol-gel, freeze-drying as synthetic technology to adsorb Cr(VI) in the solution. The effects of solution pH, dosage of AS-GEL, initial concentration of Cr(VI) solution, temperature adsorption time, and the coexisting anion concentration on the adsorption of Cr(VI) were explored by static adsorption experiments. The mechanism was analyzed by SEM, FTIR, and XPS. The results showed that, when pH=4, AS-GEL dosage of 1.2 g/L, Cr(VI) initial concentration of 200 mg/L, temperature of 35℃, adsorption time of 120 min and no coexistence of other anions, the maximum adsorption capacity of Cr(VI) on AS-GEL was 73.364 mg/g. The order of coexisting anions is PO43- >NO3->Cl-. The adsorption of Cr(VI) by AS-GEL conformed to Langmuir isotherm adsorption models, Pseudo-first-order and Pseudo-second-order kinetic equations. The main adsorption mechanism is the electrostatic adsorption and reduction of Cr(VI) by the protonated group. Based on 5 adsorption-desorption experiments, the adsorption capacity remained 89.71% of the initial adsorption capacity. AS-GEL has the characteristics of low cost and easy solid-liquid separation, which has the prospect of engineering application.
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